At Innovative Fabrication, we are experts at choosing the best diamond blade to meet the needs of each project. The type of diamond blade that is used will affect the cost and speed of a project, as well as the quality of the finished product. Selecting the right diamond blade will also help to minimize secondary operations that may be needed, such as grinding and polishing. Some of the most important considerations when selecting a diamond blade are the material that will be cut and the equipment that will be used for the task.
Material Cut with Diamond Blade
The material that will be cut is the most important consideration when choosing a diamond blade. The cost, thickness, density, and hardness of the material should all be considered when choosing a blade. For pricier materials, such as precious gemstones, a thin kerf blade may help to minimize waste and chipping while ensuring precision in each cut.
As a rule, harder materials generally require diamond blades with a softer bond and softer materials require blades with a harder bond. Material hardness may be measured using different scales, such as the Mohs mineral hardness scale. The harder the material, the more resistant to the cutting process. This is why a blade with a softer bond that can cut more quickly and freely must be used.
The density of a material is difficult to characterize using a specific scale, but is critical when selecting a blade. Density of a material may affect the quality of cuts and the outcome of the finished product. For best results, an expert should select the diamond blade only after viewing the material and determining the density of the specific material.
Material thickness must be considered along with hardness and density when selecting a diamond blade, as this will affect the type of equipment used to make the cuts. Extremely thick materials should be cut using water to cool the blade and reduce the dust produced during the process. Not all equipment is safe for wet use, so this should be considered when selecting the blade and cutting equipment.
Diamond Saw Equipment
The type of equipment used to make cuts depends on several factors. The size of the material to be cut and the precision that is required in each cut are important considerations. Equipment is not universal; certain types of saws will work only with certain diamond blades. It is important to match the diamond blade not only to the material, but to the piece of equipment that will achieve the desired results.
Common types of equipment using for diamond sawing include:
- Band saws
- Gang saws
- Milling machines
- Tile saws
- Slab saws
- Wafering or sectioning saws
- Surface grinders
- Dicing saws